Sons of Narcissistic Fathers (SoNF) – The Damage It Does and How to Heal

Sons of narcissistic fathers often struggle to find their place in the world. They may feel confused about who they are and strive for approval from the very person who has caused them pain and disappointment. They don’t understand why their father is so unsupportive, why he will never love them, and how he can be so cruel.

This blog post explores the common experiences of sons of narcissistic fathers as well as strategies for finding hope and healing.

How Narcissistic Fathers Treat Their Sons

Narcissistic fathers often have a tendency to treat their sons as extensions of themselves. As a result they expect them to fulfil their own unmet needs and desires.

They may attempt to control their son‘s behavior by enforcing strict rules and punishments or withholding love, affection, and resources if the son does not comply with the father’s wishes.

They may also be highly critical of their son’s achievements and appearance in order to boost their own self-esteem.

Additionally, narcissistic fathers may resort to physical violence when disciplining their sons as a way of asserting dominance and control over them.

Manipulation and Control

A narcissistic father will try to manipulate and control his son’s life in order to assert his dominance over them. This can manifest itself in a variety of ways such as pressuring the son to make decisions based on what is best for the father rather than what is best for themselves.

It also includes –

  • Discouraging independent thought or behaviour.
  • Harshly punishing any perceived disobedience or questioning of authority.
  • Demanding total loyalty while displaying little-to-no regard for the son’s own needs and wants.
  • Belittling or shaming the son’s achievements and interests.
  • Withholding resources such as love, food, money, or other forms of support.


Narcissistic fathers often use guilt and blame as psychological tools to emotionally manipulate their sons into doing what they want. This usually involves belittling their sons, making them feel worthless or inadequate, and placing unrealistic expectations on them with the goal of coercing them into following their father’s desires.

Withholding Love

A narcissistic father might not want to show emotion or express affection since this is seen as a sign of weakness in his eyes. They are therefore emotionally distant, dismissing their son when he attempts to seek their approval or attention.

Other signs of withholding love may include the father rarely spending time with his son, not expressing care or concern for his well-being, and expecting too much from him without offering any encouragement in return.

Projecting Their Own Failures on Their Sons

Narcissistic fathers project their own failures onto their sons, making them feel like they are the source of their father’s unhappiness or dissatisfaction.

They may criticize their son for not “measuring up” and make comments about how the son doesn’t live up to the father’s expectations. These comments have a lasting impact on the son, eroding his self-confidence.

The father may also use these criticisms to bolster his own ego by creating an imaginary expectation of his son which he then fails to live up to in order to reaffirm his own ideas of superiority.

No Boundaries

Narcissistic fathers do not respect any boundaries with their son, pushing them to submit to their father’s will regardless of what the son wants or needs.

They may expect total obedience and compliance, while also invading the son’s privacy by being overly intrusive in aspects of his life such as relationships, activities, or even thoughts and feelings.

This lack of respect for boundaries is a form of emotional abuse, leaving the son feeling powerless and without an identity of his own. Additionally, the boy feels trapped in a cycle where they are constantly trying to guess what is expected from them, never quite being able to find safety or comfort in their relationship with their father.

Physical Violence

Unfortunately, narcissist fathers are often willing to resort to physical violence when disciplining their sons, both to assert their dominance and control as well as vent their frustration. This could include anything from spanking to hitting, strangling, or other forms of physical abuse.

This is traumatizing for the son, who ends up living in fear. It also leads to long-term issues such as a fear of authority figures, difficulty forming healthy relationships, and even an increased risk for abusing substances or engaging in self-destructive behaviour.

The Impact of Narcissistic Fathers on Their Sons

Destruction of Self Confidence. A father’s behaviour towards his son, either positive or negative, can significantly shape his self-confidence in life. A narcissistic father’s tendency to criticize, belittle and nit-pick creates feelings of inadequacy in their sons. This often results in boys with low self-esteem and an inability to express themselves freely without fear of judgement.

Lack Of Emotional Support. Narcissistic fathers tend to lack empathy for their children. Without emotional validation from their fathers, sons may develop crippling anxiety about expressing emotions. As a result, they will struggle to form meaningful relationships later in life.

Inability To Create Healthy Boundaries. Sons of narcissistic fathers are taught that they should put the needs and wants of others before their own. Their father trains them to view themselves as objects to be used or manipulated by others. This creates a devastating cycle that perpetuates unhealthy boundaries. When the boys grow up they end up in damaging relationships, due to the inability to clearly set boundaries.

Angry Outbursts & Toxic Behaviours. Narcissistic fathers have no problem displaying angry outbursts and unreasonable demands. This further erodes their sons’ confidence levels and self worth.

How Sons of Narcissistic Fathers Can Protect Themselves

If your father is a narcissist, it is important to take steps to protect yourself and your mental well-being. Below is a list of some things you can do to help protect yourself:

Set Emotional Boundaries. It is essential to learn how to set healthy emotional boundaries in order to protect yourself from being manipulated or controlled by your father. Clearly communicate what behaviors you will and won’t accept and stick to those boundaries no matter what.

Talk To Trusted Friends And Family. Being able to talk openly about the difficulties between you and your father with someone who understands the situation helps keep perspective of the reality of the situation. Talking through fears and experiences also fosters understanding and compassion for yourself.

Maintain A Support System. Connecting with other individuals who have been through similar experiences gives hope that recovery is possible despite seemingly insurmountable odds. Developing meaningful relationships outside of the home creates an emotional safety net for when difficult times arise inside it.

Prioritize Self Care. Make sure that you prioritize taking care of yourself emotionally, mentally, physically, and spiritually. This includes small habits like reading a book or engaging in yoga classes, which help you recharge. Taking necessary steps such as these will create resiliency over time which will help cushion any unexpected attack from your father.

How Sons of Narcissistic Fathers Can Heal

It is possible for sons of narcissistic fathers to recover from the damaging effects their parents have had on them. Below is a list of some ways they can begin the healing process:

Gain Clarity. Taking an honest look at the dynamics between you and your father will provide clarity on how his behavior impacted your life. This self-reflection activity can help to give insight into your behaviors and will inform how you move forward.

Start Small. Confronting the damage caused by a narcissistic parent can feel overwhelming. Start small by focusing on activities and habits that promote healing such as yoga, meditation, journaling or therapy; which are all healthy coping techniques for dealing with difficult emotions.

Seek Professional Help. Reaching out to a mental health professional who specializes in helping survivors of narcissistic families is essential for recovery. They can assist in developing productive strategies aimed at confronting negative thought patterns and behaviors associated with being raised by narcissistic parents.

Practice Self-Compassion. It is important to be mindful when it comes to taking responsibility for any behaviour that may have been learned while growing up under the influence of a narcissistic parent.

Focus on understanding why the behaviour was adopted in the first place and identify healthier alternatives moving forward.

It is also critical to remember that no matter what circumstances were present during your upbringing, and whatever your narcissist father said or did, you still deserve love, acceptance and support both from within yourself and from those around you.


Having a narcissistic father can be a difficult and confusing experience for sons, as it often comes with conflicting messages of love and hostility, praise and criticism.

No matter how difficult it may seem at times, sons of narcissistic fathers have the strength and resilience to choose their own paths in life and make positive changes.

Seeking professional help is the best way to cope with the emotional distress caused by a narcissistic parent and build self-esteem in order to create healthy relationships with others.

It will take time, patience, and hard work, but recovery is possible.

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