Sons of Narcissistic Mothers (SoNM) – A Life of Struggle and Pain

Growing up with a narcissistic mother can have a profound impact on a child’s emotional well-being. While much of the focus in this area has been on daughters of narcissistic mothers, there is growing awareness of the unique challenges faced by sons.

Sons will have experienced similar forms of emotional abuse, neglect, or manipulation as daughters but may have different coping mechanisms or societal expectations that make it difficult to speak out about their experiences.

In this post, we’ll explore what it means to be a son of a narcissistic mother and the effects it can have on mental health and relationships.

We’ll also discuss some strategies that will help sons of narcissistic mothers heal and move forward towards greater emotional well-being.

The Main Traits and Characteristics of a Narcissistic Mother

A narcissistic mother displays a series of distinct traits that distinguish her from mothers with healthy parental behaviors.

These characteristics often result in a challenging and emotionally complex relationship with her children.

a narcissistic mother is self-important

Excessive Self-Importance

One of the most prominent characteristics of a narcissistic mother is her exaggerated sense of self-importance.

She views herself as superior to others and expects to be recognized as such, even when she hasn’t earned it. This heightened sense of self often comes at the cost of her child’s self-esteem, as she tends to diminish their accomplishments while exaggerating her own.

Lack of Empathy

Narcissistic mothers often display a lack of empathy towards their children.

They struggle to understand or connect with their child’s feelings, making it difficult for the child to form a secure emotional bond.

Exploitative Behavior

Another characteristic of a narcissistic mother is a tendency to exploit others to serve her own needs. This exploitative behavior often extends to her children.

She may manipulate her child’s emotions or take advantage of their trust to achieve her own goals, leaving the child feeling used and emotionally drained.

Need for Admiration

Narcissistic mothers have a constant need for admiration and validation. They crave attention and often go to great lengths to ensure they are the center of it. This need for admiration can overshadow the child’s needs, making them feel ignored or unimportant.

Envy and Entitlement

A narcissistic mother often feels envious of others and believes she is entitled to special treatment.

She may become jealous of her child’s achievements or friendships, viewing them as threats to her own superiority.

This sense of entitlement can also lead to unreasonable demands and expectations from her child.

Control and Manipulation

Control and manipulation are key tools in a narcissistic mother’s arsenal.

She may use guilt, fear, or obligation to control her child’s behavior and decisions. This manipulation can hinder the child’s personal growth and independence, leaving them feeling trapped and powerless.

How Narcissistic Mothers Treat Their Sons

A narcissistic mother’s relationship with her son is often marked by a series of harmful behaviors that can inflict lasting emotional damage.

Here are some ways this dynamic manifests:


A common trait among narcissistic mothers is the tendency to emotionally enmesh with their sons, expecting them to fulfill their emotional needs, treating their child as a substitute partner.

This unhealthy dynamic can lead to a codependent relationship, where the son feels an undue burden of responsibility for his mother’s happiness and overall well-being.

The son becomes entangled in a web of emotional obligations that can stunt his personal development and hinder his ability to form healthy relationships outside of the mother-son bond.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Guilt and Manipulation

Narcissistic mothers often resort to guilt, shame, and manipulation as tools to control their sons’ behavior or opinions.

They can be overly critical or dismissive of their son’s feelings while demanding that he caters to theirs.

This manipulation often manifests as emotional blackmail, where the son feels compelled to conform to his mother’s desires out of fear or guilt.

This constant manipulation can erode the son’s self-esteem over time, leaving him feeling powerless and confused about his own identity and values.

narcissistic mother

The Golden Child vs The Scapegoat

In families with narcissistic mothers, children often find themselves assigned one of two distinct roles: the golden child or the scapegoat.

The golden child is the one who seemingly meets all expectations and makes the mother look good to others.

On the other hand, the scapegoat is perceived as the one who constantly disappoints her and tarnishes her image.

These roles are not based on the children’s actual behaviors or achievements but are instead a reflection of the mother’s distorted perspective.

This can result in a highly competitive and divisive family environment, causing long-term psychological damage to both the golden child and the scapegoat.

sons of narcissistic mothers


Some narcissistic mothers employ a tactic known as triangulation, where they pit siblings or other family members against each other.

This strategy is designed to maintain control and prevent the family from uniting against her.

By creating competition among siblings or causing rifts between the son and other family members, the narcissistic mother ensures that she remains the central figure in the family dynamic.

This can make it difficult for the son to form healthy relationships with others, as he may come to view relationships as arenas for rivalry and manipulation rather than mutual support and love.

Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

Excessive Criticism

Narcissistic mothers are often characterized by their excessive criticism towards their sons.

This criticism can range from their son’s appearance and behavior to his achievements, both big and small.

They may belittle him or unfavorably compare him to others, ultimately leading to a significant blow to his self-esteem.

The constant critique creates an environment where the son feels he can never meet his mother’s expectations, resulting in feelings of inadequacy and self-doubt that may extend into adulthood.

sons of narcissistic mothers


A common trait among narcissistic mothers is unpredictability.

Their behavior can vary drastically, creating a sense of instability or chaos within the household.

One moment, they might be loving and gentle, followed by moments of intense rage or cold indifference.

This unpredictability can lead to feelings of anxiety, guilt, shame, and confusion for the son. He may constantly be on edge, unsure of what will trigger his mother’s next emotional outburst.


While some narcissistic mothers are overly involved in their sons’ lives, others may neglect their sons emotionally or physically.

This neglect can take the form of failing to provide adequate care, attention, or nurture.

The son ends up feeling invisible and unimportant, as if his feelings and needs don’t matter.

This can result in a deep-seated sense of unworthiness and a struggle with self-care and forming healthy relationships in later life.

sons of narcissistic mothers


Narcissistic mothers often project their own insecurities and shortcomings onto their sons.

This projection can involve blaming them for things that are not their fault or attributing negative traits or behaviors to them that actually belong to the mother.

Over time, the son may begin to internalize these false accusations, leading to a distorted self-image and a lack of trust in his own perceptions and experiences.

Boundary Violations

A common issue in relationships with narcissistic mothers is boundary violations.

These mothers invade their son’s privacy or personal space without any regard for his feelings.

They might read his private messages, force their way into personal conversations, or make decisions on his behalf without consent.

These invasions leave the son feeling violated and disrespected, struggling to establish and maintain healthy boundaries in other relationships.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Control Issues

Control issues are a significant hallmark of narcissistic mothers.

They try to micromanage every aspect of their son’s life, from friendships and hobbies to education and career choices.

This overbearing control can stifle the son’s personal growth, independence, and ability to make decisions for himself.

The son feels trapped in a life that is not truly his own, leading to feelings of resentment and a longing for freedom

Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

The Impact on Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

The damage that a narcissistic mother can do to her son is immense.

Her constant manipulation and emotional abuse inevitably has a profound impact on the way he sees himself, and it can lead to a lot of emotional pain in later life.

The following are the most common impacts of narcissistic mothers on their sons.

Low Self-Esteem

Sons of narcissistic mothers often find themselves wrestling with low self-esteem.

This is largely due to the constant criticism, neglect, and unrealistic expectations that are characteristic of a narcissistic mother’s behavior.

These sons grow up feeling they can never meet their mother’s high standards, leading them to question their worth.

Over time, this can result in a profound lack of confidence, making it difficult for them to assert themselves in personal and professional situations.

They may also develop a persistent fear of failure or rejection, which can hold them back from pursuing opportunities and forming healthy relationships.

sons of narcissistic mothers


Codependency is another common outcome in sons of narcissistic mothers.

Narcissistic mothers often expect their sons to fulfill their emotional needs, blurring the line between parent and child roles.

This inversion of roles can lead to an unhealthy dynamic where the son feels responsible for his mother’s emotional wellbeing.

This codependency can make it difficult for the son to establish boundaries in the relationship, leading to a loss of autonomy and personal identity.

It can also impact the son’s ability to form healthy relationships outside the family unit.

They may find themselves attracted to partners who exhibit similar narcissistic traits or struggle to maintain relationships due to unresolved issues related to their upbringing.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Fear of Abandonment

The unpredictable or inconsistent behavior from a narcissistic mother can instill a deep-seated fear of abandonment in her son.

This fear stems from the son’s experience of emotional withdrawal or neglect whenever his mother’s needs or expectations were not met.

The fear of abandonment can manifest in various ways in the son’s adult life.

He may display clingy behavior in relationships, constantly seeking reassurance from his partner.

Alternatively, he may avoid close relationships altogether to prevent potential rejection or abandonment.

This fear can also lead to anxiety or depression, further complicating the son’s emotional landscape.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Difficulty Trusting Others

Sons of narcissistic mothers often have difficulty trusting others, largely due to the manipulative tactics that narcissistic mothers employ within the family unit.

One such tactic is triangulation, where the mother pits siblings against each other, creating competition and discord.

This can leave the sons feeling isolated, misunderstood, or betrayed.

Moreover, the narcissistic mother’s propensity for breaking promises or violating personal boundaries can also erode her son’s trust.

As a result, the son may enter adulthood with a deep-seated wariness towards others.

This mistrust can hinder the formation of close, meaningful relationships, as the son may struggle to open up or fully commit to others out of fear of being hurt or manipulated.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Emotional Instability

Growing up with a narcissistic mother can lead to emotional instability in adulthood.

The constant exposure to unpredictable behavior, emotional neglect, and manipulation creates a tumultuous emotional environment for the son.

He may experience intense feelings of anxiety, depression, guilt, or shame, which can be difficult to manage.

The son may also struggle to understand or regulate his emotions due to a lack of emotional validation or guidance from his mother.

This can result in volatile emotional responses, difficulty coping with stress, and an increased risk of developing mental health disorders.

sons of narcissistic mothers


Perfectionism is a common trait among sons of narcissistic mothers, especially those labeled as the ‘golden child.

These sons feel immense pressure to maintain their perfect image, fearing that any failure or mistake will result in a withdrawal of love or approval from their mother.

This pressure leads to an overwhelming fear of failure, causing the son to set unrealistically high standards for himself.

He may become excessively critical of his own performance and struggle to accept any perceived flaws or shortcomings.

This perfectionism extends into adulthood, affecting various aspects of the son’s life, including his career, relationships, and self-perception.



People-pleasing tendencies are common in sons of narcissistic mothers.

These mothers often use guilt or manipulation tactics to control their sons, conditioning them to prioritize her needs and desires over their own.

As a result, the son may learn to appease others as a survival strategy to avoid conflict or rejection.

These people-pleasing behaviors continue into adulthood, with the son habitually seeking approval or validation from others.

These young men are plagued by a lack of self-assertiveness, difficulty saying no, and a tendency to sacrifice personal needs or desires to maintain harmony in relationships.

Over time, this behavior can result in burnout, resentment, and a loss of personal identity.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Anger Issues

Sons who are labeled as the scapegoat by their narcissistic mother often develop anger issues.

As the scapegoat, the son is often the target of constant criticism, blame, or emotional abuse. This can create feelings of frustration, injustice, and anger that may be difficult to manage.

This anger can manifest in various ways in adulthood – it could result in explosive outbursts, passive-aggressive behavior, or internalized anger leading to self-destructive habits.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Lack of Boundaries

Sons of narcissistic mothers often struggle with setting boundaries in their relationships.

Narcissistic mothers typically have poor boundaries with their children, treating them as extensions of themselves rather than respecting their individuality.

This blurred boundary can leave the son unsure of his rights and limits in a relationship.

In adulthood, this lack of boundary understanding can lead to problems such as accepting unacceptable behavior, struggling to express personal needs, or feeling responsible for others’ emotions.

sons of narcissistic mothers

Difficulty Expressing Emotions

Narcissistic mothers often dismiss or belittle their son’s emotions, leading the son to suppress his emotional expression.

He may learn to hide his feelings to avoid ridicule or rejection, or he may struggle to identify and articulate his emotions due to lack of emotional validation in his formative years.

This difficulty expressing emotions carries into adulthood, affecting the son’s relationships and mental health.

He may appear emotionally detached or struggle with emotional intimacy in his relationships.

How Sons of Narcissistic Mothers can Heal

How Sons of Narcissistic Mothers can Heal

Growing up with a narcissistic mother can be a challenging experience that leaves deep emotional scars.

Sons of narcissistic mothers often struggle with feelings of low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. But healing is possible.

Here are seven ways for sons of narcissistic mothers to heal:

Seek Professional Help

Therapy can be an essential component of healing from the effects of growing up with a narcissistic mother.

A trained therapist can provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore your emotions and experiences.

They can help you identify unhealthy patterns that may have developed as a result of your upbringing and develop coping strategies to manage those patterns.

A therapist can also help you work through feelings of guilt, shame, and low self-esteem that often result from growing up with a narcissistic mother.

Through therapy, you can learn to challenge negative thoughts about yourself and develop a more positive sense of self-worth.

Additionally, therapy can help you process any unresolved trauma or pain caused by your mother’s behavior.

It can give you tools to manage triggers and flashbacks that may arise in day-to-day life.

Overall, therapy is an effective way to address the emotional scars left by growing up with a narcissistic mother.

With the guidance of a trained therapist, you can begin to heal and build healthier relationships with yourself and others.

Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

Practice Self-Care

Taking care of yourself is an essential part of the healing process.

It can be challenging to prioritize self-care when you are used to putting others’ needs before your own, but it’s crucial to make self-care a priority.

Getting enough sleep is critical in maintaining good physical and mental health. A lack of sleep can lead to increased anxiety, depression, and fatigue.

It’s essential to establish a consistent sleep routine that allows for adequate rest.

Eating well is also crucial for overall health and well-being.

A healthy diet can help regulate mood and energy levels, which can be especially important when dealing with the emotional toll of processing your experience of growing up with a narcissistic mother.

Eating regular meals and snacks throughout the day can help maintain stable blood sugar levels and prevent feelings of irritability or lethargy.

Regular exercise has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, improve mood, and increase overall physical health.

Finding an exercise routine that works for you, whether it’s running, yoga, or weightlifting, can provide a sense of accomplishment and boost self-esteem.

Engaging in activities that bring you joy is another important aspect of self-care.

Doing things you enjoy can help counteract negative emotions caused by growing up with a narcissistic mother.

This could be anything from reading books to watching movies or spending time with friends.

Always remember that taking care of yourself physically and emotionally is crucial in healing from the effects of growing up with a narcissistic mother.

Prioritizing self-care may feel unfamiliar at first but is an essential step towards building a healthier relationship with yourself.

men self care

Set Boundaries

Setting boundaries is a crucial part of protecting yourself from further harm caused by a narcissistic mother.

It’s essential to establish clear limits on what behaviors you will and won’t tolerate, and to communicate those boundaries with your mother.

Learning to say no when necessary is an important aspect of boundary-setting.

A narcissistic mother may attempt to manipulate or guilt-trip you into doing things that make you uncomfortable or go against your values.

Saying no can be challenging, but it’s essential to prioritize your own needs and well-being.

Establishing clear boundaries with your mother can also help reduce feelings of anxiety, stress, and overwhelm.

It’s important to communicate these boundaries in a firm but compassionate way, making it clear that certain behaviors are not acceptable.

It’s also crucial to enforce these boundaries consistently.

Narcissistic mothers will test boundaries and push back against them, so it’s essential to stay firm in your resolve.

Setting boundaries can be challenging, especially if you have a history of being enmeshed with your mother or feeling responsible for her emotions.

However, establishing healthy boundaries is an important step towards building a healthier relationship with yourself and others.

Setting clear boundaries with your narcissistic mother is essential in protecting yourself from further harm.

Learning to say no when necessary and enforcing these limits consistently can help reduce feelings of anxiety and stress while building a healthier relationship with yourself.

support group men

Connect with Supportive People

Connecting with supportive people who understand what you’re going through can be incredibly healing when dealing with the effects of a narcissistic mother.

It’s important to have people in your life who validate your experiences and provide a safe space to share your thoughts and feelings.

One way to connect with others who have similar experiences is by joining a support group.

Support groups can provide a sense of community, validation, and understanding that can be difficult to find elsewhere.

They offer an opportunity to share stories, learn from others’ experiences, and receive emotional support.

If joining a support group feels overwhelming or intimidating, seeking out friendships with people who have similar experiences can also be beneficial.

You may find that there are people in your life who have had similar relationships with their mothers or family members and can relate to what you’re going through.

Connecting with supportive people doesn’t necessarily mean cutting off contact with your family altogether.

It’s possible to maintain healthy boundaries while still having some level of contact with your mother or other family members.

It’s essential to remember that healing from the effects of a narcissistic mother is a journey, and it may take time to find the right support system for you.

Be patient and compassionate towards yourself as you navigate this process.

Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

Learn about Narcissism

Educating yourself about narcissism can be a powerful tool in understanding your mother’s behavior and how it has affected you.

Narcissistic personality disorder is a complex condition that can impact individuals in various ways, including their relationships with others.

Learning about the characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder can help you better understand your mother’s behavior and why she may act in certain ways.

It can also provide validation for the experiences you’ve had growing up with her.

By understanding the patterns of behavior associated with narcissism, you may also be able to recognize similar patterns in your own life.

For example, children of narcissistic parents may struggle with setting boundaries, have difficulty expressing their emotions, or feel responsible for others’ feelings.

Recognizing these patterns can be an important step towards healing and developing healthier coping mechanisms.

It can also help break the cycle of dysfunctional relationships that often occur in families impacted by narcissism.

It’s important to note that educating yourself about narcissism does not mean diagnosing your mother or attempting to change her behavior.

Rather, it’s an opportunity to gain insight into your own experiences and work towards building healthier relationships with yourself and others.

learning about narcissism

Practice Mindfulness

Mindfulness practices like meditation or yoga can be incredibly beneficial when dealing with the effects of growing up with a narcissistic mother.

These practices can help you become more aware of your thoughts and emotions without judgment or criticism, which can lead to greater self-awareness and inner peace.

Meditation is a technique that involves focusing your attention on a particular object, thought, or activity to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.

It can help reduce stress, anxiety, and depression by promoting relaxation and reducing negative thoughts.

Similarly, yoga combines physical postures with breathing techniques and meditation to improve flexibility, strength, and balance while also promoting relaxation and reducing stress.

It can help you connect with your body and breath in a way that promotes mindfulness.

By regularly practicing mindfulness techniques like meditation or yoga, you may find that you’re better able to manage difficult emotions like anger, frustration, or sadness.

You may also become more aware of how your experiences growing up have impacted your beliefs about yourself and others.

Mindfulness practices can also help build resilience by teaching you how to stay present in the moment rather than dwelling on past experiences or worrying about the future.

This can be especially helpful when navigating challenging situations in relationships or other areas of life.

It’s important to remember that mindfulness practices take time to develop.

You may not notice immediate changes in how you feel or think after meditating for just a few minutes each day.

However, with consistent practice over time, you may begin to experience greater inner peace and self-awareness.


Forgive Yourself

Forgiveness is an important part of the healing process when dealing with the effects of growing up with a narcissistic mother.

However, what I am talking about is not necessarily about forgiving others, including your mother, but rather about forgiving yourself.

It’s common for children of narcissistic parents to blame themselves for their parent’s behavior or feel guilty for not being able to change the situation.

It is also common for them to act out in resentment when they feel that they are being treated unfairly.

You have to forgive the childhood you for any destructive behaviours.

Forgiving yourself acknowledging your mistakes or shortcomings without judgment or self-criticism.

It’s recognizing that you’re human and that everyone makes mistakes.

It’s also about accepting responsibility for your own actions and decisions, while still showing yourself kindness and understanding.

forgive yourself

When you forgive yourself, you allow yourself to let go of negative emotions like guilt, shame, or self-blame. You create space in your heart and mind for healing to take place.

Remember that healing takes time, patience, and self-compassion. It’s not something that happens overnight but rather a journey that requires consistent effort and dedication.

As you begin the healing process, be kind to yourself.

Practice self-care by doing things that make you feel good physically, emotionally, or mentally.

Connect with supportive friends or family members who can offer love and encouragement along the way.


The Future for Sons of Narcissistic Mothers

While growing up with a narcissistic mother can have significant impacts on a son’s mental health and relationships, it’s important to note that with the right support and resources, sons of narcissistic mothers can work towards healing and recovery.

Therapy, self-care practices, and building healthy relationships with others can all be helpful in breaking free from the negative patterns created by this type of abuse.

It may take time and effort, but with determination and support, sons of narcissistic mothers can create a brighter future for themselves filled with healthy relationships, emotional stability, and personal growth.

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