Growing up in a family dominated by a covert narcissist father is an emotionally traumatizing and extremely damaging experience. These fathers, who often present a charming exterior to the world, leave their children grappling with a legacy of manipulation, control, and emotional abuse that impacts their lives into adulthood.
But there is hope and a way out.
In this post, we will explore the hidden world of growing up with a covert narcissist father, how to recognize the signs and the damage they’ve caused, and most importantly, how to break free and embark on a healing journey towards reclaiming your life and thriving.
The path may not be easy, but understanding is the first step to liberation. So let’s delve in and shed light on this complex issue.
Characteristics and Behaviors of a Covert Narcissist Father
Growing up with a covert narcissist father is like living in a complex maze where the rules constantly change, and emotional stability is often elusive.
Understanding the characteristics and behaviors of a covert narcissist can help you navigate this maze more effectively.
Here are some of the most common traits of a covert narcissist father:
A Covert Narcissist Father Has a Grandiose Sense of Self
A covert narcissist father, while not as outwardly boastful as an overt narcissist, has a deeply ingrained grandiose sense of self.
He sees himself as special and different from others, often viewing those around him, including his own children, as lesser or inferior.
This grandiose sense of self is often masked by a facade of humility or self-deprecation.
However, it becomes evident in the covert narcissist father’s interactions with his children.
He will subtly undermine his child’s achievements, dismissing them as mundane or insignificant compared to his own accomplishments.
This can leave the child feeling invalidated and unimportant, constantly trying to earn their father’s approval but never quite reaching his unreachable standards.
A covert narcissist father will constantly compare his child unfavorably to others.
He will highlight the successes of other children while downplaying his own child’s accomplishments. By belittling his child, the covert narcissist father can continue to feel superior and important.
A covert narcissist father perceives himself as misunderstood or unappreciated.
He will portray himself as a victim or martyr, believing that no one truly values his ‘unique’ abilities or ‘exceptional’ sacrifices.
This results in a sense of entitlement, where he expects constant admiration and validation from his child, further adding to the emotional burden that the child has to bear.
A Covert Narcissist Father Uses Subtle Manipulation
Covert narcissist fathers are masters of subtle manipulation. In fact, their manipulation is rarely overt or easily identifiable.
Instead, it’s subtle, insidious, and often cloaked in expressions of ‘concern’ or ‘love,’ making it even more confusing and damaging.
A covert narcissist father uses guilt as a potent tool of control.
He will make sure that his children feel perpetually indebted to him, owing him total respect and allegiance for the life they lead, the opportunities they have, or even their very existence.
This indebtedness can lead to a deep-seated sense of guilt that makes the child feel obliged to meet all of his expectations, no matter how unreasonable they might be.
Shame is another tool in the arsenal of the covert narcissist father.
By belittling and criticizing their children, often under the guise of ‘constructive criticism’ or ‘tough love,’ these fathers break their children’s self-confidence and instill a profound sense of shame and inadequacy.
They will not hesitate to highlight their children’s flaws, mistakes, or shortcomings, making them feel as though they’re never good enough.
A covert narcissist father will also use fear to maintain control.
This could be fear of his anger, disappointment, or rejection. The father creates an environment where the child is constantly anxious, unsure of what will trigger the next wave of displeasure or wrath.
Moreover, a covert narcissist father makes his children feel responsible for his happiness or success.
He will blame his bad mood, failures, or disappointments on them, making them feel that it is their job to keep him happy and satisfied to avoid any negative repercussions.
This burden of responsibility can lead to a constant state of anxiety, with the child feeling like they’re perpetually walking on eggshells.
A Covert Narcissist Father Lacks Empathy
Empathy, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others, is a crucial element in forming healthy, nurturing relationships.
A covert narcissist father, however, has a profound lack of empathy, so he creates an emotionally barren environment for a child, where their feelings and needs are consistently ignored or dismissed.
This means that his children grow up feeling unseen, unheard, and unvalued.
Their emotional experiences are not validated or reciprocated, making it difficult for them to develop a healthy sense of self-worth or emotional understanding.
There are two types of empathy— cognitive and emotional.
Cognitive empathy refers to our ability to comprehend someone else’s perspective or mental state.
Emotional empathy, on the other hand, refers to our capacity to respond with an appropriate emotion to another person’s mental state.
A covert narcissist father will usually have cognitive empathy, meaning that he is able to understand his children’s thoughts and emotions intellectually.
However, he uses this cognitive empathy not to build deeper connections with his children but to manipulate them more effectively.
He uses his understanding of his child’s vulnerabilities or desires to control or exploit them, furthering his own needs and agendas.
On the other hand, a covert narcissist father typically lacks emotional empathy, meaning that he does not feel what his child is feeling.
This means that while he might understand his child’s emotions on an intellectual level, he does not share or respond to those emotions on an emotional level.
He is therefore indifferent or dismissive when his child is upset, anxious, or joyful, focusing instead on how these emotions affect him or how he can use them to his advantage.
A Covert Narcissist Father is Passive-Aggressive
Passive-aggressiveness is yet another hallmark of a covert narcissist father.
They resort to a form of indirect aggression that can be incredibly confusing and damaging, particularly for children who may struggle to understand the underlying messages behind their father’s behavior.
Instead of expressing displeasure or dissatisfaction openly, a covert narcissist father will express his feelings in more subtle, indirect ways.
This could take the form of sulking, giving the silent treatment, or delivering backhanded compliments that seem kind on the surface but carry an undercurrent of criticism.
A covert narcissist father uses sulking as a weapon.
If he feels slighted or ignored, he will retreat into sulkiness, creating an atmosphere of tension and unease. He will often refuse to communicate effectively, leaving his child guessing about what they’ve done wrong and how to rectify it.
Another passive-aggressive tactic often used by a covert narcissist father is the silent treatment.
Instead of addressing issues directly, he will ignore his child, refusing to talk to them or even to acknowledge their presence.
This cold withdrawal can be deeply hurtful and isolating, making the child feel rejected and invisible.
Backhanded compliments are also a part of the covert narcissist father’s repertoire.
These are comments that appear complimentary on the surface but contain a veiled insult or critique.
For instance, a covert narcissist father might compliment his child’s performance while adding a qualifier that undermines the achievement, leaving the child feeling confused and unsure about their worth.
These passive-aggressive behaviors create a complex web of uncertainty, confusion, and self-doubt, creating an atmosphere of ambient abuse.
The child ends up constantly second-guessing their actions and their worth, unsure of what will trigger their covert narcissist father’s next wave of passive aggression.
A Covert Narcissist Father is Controlling
A covert narcissist father is very controlling, and raises his children to be highly dependent on him, thus ensuring he can maintain his control and power over them.
He will undermine his child’s confidence, making them feel incapable or inadequate. He will also criticize their choices and decisions, causing them to doubt their own judgment.
This creates a debilitating reliance on the covert narcissist father’s approval, leading the child to believe they cannot survive or succeed without his input.
A covert narcissist father will also restrict his child’s independence.
He will discourage them from pursuing their own interests or developing relationships outside the family.
By limiting their experiences and social interactions, he ensures that he remains the primary influence in their life.
This dynamic can result in a fear of independence in the child, making it difficult for them to make decisions without seeking their father’s validation.
They often struggle to assert themselves or pursue their own path, fearing their covert narcissist father’s disapproval or retaliation.
Recognizing the Damage Caused by a Covert Narcissist Father
The shadow of a covert narcissist father can cast long and far-reaching impacts on a child’s emotional and psychological well-being.
His subtle but constant manipulation, criticism, and control inflict deep, lasting wounds that persist into adulthood.
Internalized Criticism and Self-Doubt
Unfortunately, over time, the child of a covert narcissist father internalizes his criticism and starts to believe the negative comments about their abilities and achievements.
This can create obstacles in various aspects of their life, from personal relationships to career advancement, as they are likely to hold back due to fear of failure or rejection.
The Constant Need for Approval
Another significant impact of having a covert narcissist father is the development of a chronic need for approval.
Growing up, the child is constantly striving for their father’s approval, only to find it elusive or conditional.
This pattern often continues into adulthood, manifesting as a persistent need for validation from others. These children will go to great lengths to please others, often at the expense of their own needs and desires.
This constant pursuit of approval can be emotionally exhausting and can hinder the formation of balanced, healthy relationships.
Development of Co-dependency
Co-dependency refers to a relationship dynamic where one person sacrifices their needs and well-being to meet the needs of another.
In the context of a child with a narcissistic father, co-dependency can develop as the child continually prioritizes their father’s needs and desires above their own in an effort to gain approval or avoid conflict.
This co-dependent behavior continues into adulthood, influencing the child’s relationships with others.
They might find themselves attracted to partners who display similar narcissistic traits to their father, recreating the familiar dynamic of self-sacrifice and emotional neglect.
Alternatively, they might struggle to assert their needs in relationships, leading to a pattern of one-sided relationships where their needs are overlooked or dismissed.
Breaking Free and Healing: The Journey of the Adult Child of a Covert Narcissist Father
The journey towards healing from the damaging effects of a covert narcissist father can be complex and challenging.
However, it is entirely possible, and the adult child can indeed break free from the chains of their past.
Here are some strategies that can aid in this healing process:
Acknowledging the Past
The first step to healing is acknowledging the past and the damage it has caused.
This can be painful, as it involves confronting the reality of having a covert narcissist father and the influence he has had on the individual’s life.
However, it’s an essential step towards understanding oneself better and breaking free from the patterns of the past.
One of the most effective ways to break free from a covert narcissist’s influence is by setting firm boundaries.
This can be challenging, especially if your father is still part of your life.
However, establishing what is acceptable behavior and what isn’t, and sticking to it, can help protect you from further harm. It might involve limiting contact, or in extreme cases, cutting off contact entirely.
Seeking Professional Help
Therapy or counseling can be incredibly beneficial for the adult child of a covert narcissist father.
A mental health professional can provide the necessary tools, techniques, and insights to help process past experiences and develop healthier coping mechanisms.
They can also guide in establishing and maintaining boundaries, which is crucial for preventing further emotional harm.
Building a Support Network
Having a strong support network is vital during the healing process.
This could include trusted friends, family members, or support groups composed of individuals who have had similar experiences.
These support systems can provide comfort, validation, and practical advice, making the healing journey less isolating.
Self-Care and Self-Compassion
Practicing self-care and self-compassion is a powerful way to counteract the negative self-beliefs instilled by a narcissistic father.
This could involve physical activities like exercise, hobbies that bring joy, or simply taking time each day to relax and de-stress.
Additionally, practicing self-compassion means treating oneself with kindness and understanding, particularly when dealing with feelings of inadequacy or self-doubt.
It is important to remember that the journey to healing is also a journey of learning and growth. Each step forward, no matter how small, is a victory.
The experiences with a covert narcissist father, while painful, can lead to a deeper understanding of oneself and others, fostering resilience and strength along the way.
Breaking free from the influence of a covert narcissist father and healing from the damage caused is not an easy journey, but it is one filled with potential for personal growth, self-discovery, and ultimately, a stronger sense of self-worth and emotional well-being.
Frequently Asked Questions about a Covert Narcissist Father
What is a covert narcissist father?
A covert narcissist father is a parent who displays a less obvious form of narcissism. Unlike overt narcissists, they may not outwardly demonstrate grandiosity or seek constant attention.
Instead, they manipulate and control subtly, often playing the victim or martyr, and use passive-aggressive behaviors to exert their influence.
How does a covert narcissistic father affect his child’s development?
The child of a covert narcissist often struggles with feelings of inadequacy, self-doubt, and a chronic need for approval due to constant criticism and manipulation. They might also develop co-dependency, constantly prioritizing others’ needs over their own.
How can I tell if my father is a covert narcissist?
Identifying a covert narcissist can be challenging due to their subtle manipulation tactics. However, signs may include a constant need for validation, a tendency to play the victim, passive-aggressive behavior, lack of empathy, and a disregard for others’ needs and feelings unless it serves their purposes.
Can an adult child of a covert narcissistic father heal from the damage caused?
Yes, healing is entirely possible. It typically involves acknowledging the past, seeking professional help like therapy or counseling, building a strong support network, practicing self-care and self-compassion, and continuous learning and growth.
How can therapy help an adult child of a narcissistic father?
Therapy can provide a safe space to explore and process past experiences. A mental health professional can offer tools and strategies to cope with the impacts of growing up with a narcissist father, such as dealing with feelings of inadequacy, setting healthy boundaries, and building self-esteem.
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Carla Corelli, a writer, advocate, and survivor of narcissistic abuse, draws from her own upbringing with a narcissistic father to shed light on psychological trauma. Fueled by her personal journey, she pursued a degree in psychology and has dedicated herself to shedding light on the complexities of narcissistic abuse.
With over fifteen years of experience in writing and advocating for survivors, Carla is deeply committed to providing support, education, and empowerment to those who have endured similar trauma. Through her articles, Carla aims to offer a compassionate space for healing and growth, while advocating for greater awareness and understanding of narcissistic abuse.
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