Narcissism is increasing in today’s world. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance, a need for excessive admiration, and a lack of empathy for others.
People with this disorder require constant attention and validation and can become easily offended or upset. NPD can cause problems in many areas of life, such as work, school, and relationships.
People with NPD often have difficulty maintaining healthy relationships, and can be prone to episodes of rage or manipulation.
In this blog post, I will discuss the causes, symptoms, and long-term outlook for people who have this psychological disorder.
What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
A personality disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by a particular set of personality traits that cause problems in various areas of life.
There are three clusters of personality disorders – Cluster A, Cluster B, and Cluster C.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a Cluster B personality disorder.
Cluster B personality disorders are characterized by dramatic, emotional, or erratic behaviors. Other Cluster B personality disorders include Borderline Personality Disorder and Histrionic Personality Disorder.
The main traits of NPD include grandiosity, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy.
Grandiosity is an inflated sense of self-importance. People with Narcissistic Personality Disorder often believe that they are better than others and require constant attention and admiration. They often seek out attention and validation from others.
A lack of empathy is a difficulty understanding or caring about the emotions and experiences of others. People with Narcissistic Personality Disorder often do not see things from the perspective of others and can be callous or insensitive.
What causes Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
The exact cause of Narcissistic Personality Disorder is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
NPD often occurs in families, so there may be a genetic component.
Environmental factors such as upbringing, parenting style, and culture can also contribute to the development of Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
For example, children who are overindulged or praised excessively for their accomplishments may be more likely to develop Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
What are the symptoms of NPD?
To diagnose mental illnesses such as NPD, psychiatrists and mental health experts frequently turn to the new version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which was produced by the American Psychiatric Association. The following characteristics are required for a diagnosis of NPD in the DSM-5:
- an inflated sense of self-importance and entitlement
- craving constant admiration and praise
- expecting special treatment due to perceived superiority
- exaggerating achievements and talents
- reacting aggressively to criticism
- constantly fantasizing about power, success, and beauty
- manipulating and taking advantage of others
- having an inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of other people
- behaving in an arrogant manner
What is the long-term outlook for people with NPD?
The long-term outlook for people with NPD can vary, but it is typically not a favourable one. Unfortunately they often do not see anything wrong with their behaviour, so they do not seek out therapy or treatment. Even if they do seek out help, the prognosis is not always good, as people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder can be very resistant to change.
However, with treatment, some people with this disorder are able to learn how to cope with their disorder and live relatively normal lives.
If you think you or someone you know may have NPD, it is important to seek professional help. A mental health professional can provide a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. If left untreated, Narcissistic Personality Disorder can lead to serious problems such as depression, substance abuse, and relationship difficulties.
For Further Reading:
- Personality Disorders – The Dangerous Symptoms Of Cluster A, B, and C
- Dark Triad Personality Traits – Narcissism, Machiavellianism, Psychopathy
- What’s a sociopath? – A Guide to Understanding Sociopathy
- Narcissist vs Sociopath – What is the Difference and Which is Worse?
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)
- The Difference Between Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Narcissistic Personality Traits
- Is Narcissism a Mental Illness? Getting to Grips with Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- NPD – The Warning Signs, Impact and Treatment Options for this Personality Disorder
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) – Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Women – The Warning Signs You Need to Know
- Can Narcissists Change? The Truth About Personality Disorders and How to Treat Them
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