Define Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Psychiatrists define Narcissistic Personality Disorder as a “condition marked by extreme arrogance, an excessive need for admiration, and lack of empathy.”

People with NPD often have difficulty controlling their emotions or behaviors, which can lead to serious problems in relationships and other areas of life. Common traits associated with NPD include selfishness, arrogance, grandiosity, preoccupation with success and power, lack of empathy toward others, and difficulty forming meaningful connections.

Define the Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

NPD can be caused by a combination of genetics, heredity, and environmental factors.

Genetics and Heredity

Recent research has suggested that certain genetic and hereditary factors may play a role in the development of NPD. For example, studies have indicated that individuals with parents who displayed narcissistic characteristics are more likely to develop similar traits themselves.

Additionally, it is believed that a single gene or combination of genes might be responsible for mental illnesses such as NPD. While there is still much to learn about the genetics and heredity of NPD, current research suggests that these factors can influence an individual’s susceptibility to developing this disorder.


Research suggests that experiencing trauma during either childhood or adulthood can lead to the development of narcissistic traits. Those who have suffered from a traumatic experience, such as physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or abandonment, are more likely to develop NPD. It is believed that experiencing trauma can create feelings of insecurity and self-doubt which can lead to an individual developing narcissistic behaviors as a defense mechanism in order to protect themselves from emotional pain. In some cases, the development of narcissistic behavior may be an attempt to cope with trauma and find a sense of security.

Mental Illness

Narcissistic Personality Disorder often manifests alongside other mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder. Individuals who live with these conditions may be more likely to develop the personality disorder due to their pre-existing psychological issues.

Mental illness can create feelings of low self-worth and insecurity which can lead a person to adopt narcissistic behaviors as a way of protecting themselves from emotional pain. Additionally, some forms of mental illness may cause an individual to seek approval and recognition from those around them in order to feel secure. This need for external validation is often linked to narcissism.

Childhood Neglect or Abuse

There is a strong link between childhood neglect or abuse and the development of NPD.

Persons who have experienced physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or abandonment during their formative years are more likely to develop narcissistic personality disorder as adults.

The feelings of insecurity and self-doubt created by such experiences often leads individuals to adopt behaviors associated with narcissism as a means of protecting themselves from further distress and find a sense of security.


The environment an individual grows up in can have a significant impact on the development of NPD. Negative environmental influences, such as a lack of parental guidance, negative peer influence, or suppressed emotions can contribute to the onset of narcissistic behaviors.

Individuals who are not provided with constructive feedback and positive reinforcement may struggle to develop a healthy sense of self-esteem and instead turn to narcissistic behaviors as a means of seeking approval from others.

In addition, those who experience chronic stress associated with poverty, violence or discrimination may be more likely to internalize negative beliefs about themselves which could lead to development of the personality disorder.

Define the Signs and Symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder is a mental health condition characterized by a deep-rooted sense of entitlement, grandiose beliefs, and an excessive need for admiration.

The following are common behaviors associated with NPD:  

Unwarranted feelings of superiority and entitlement. Individuals with NPD often have an inflated sense of self-importance. They may view themselves as more important than others and expect to be treated as such.

A strong need for admiration. People with narcissistic tendencies crave attention from those around them and often demand admiration for their accomplishments or qualities. They may become easily offended if not given the recognition they feel they deserve.

Lack of empathy . Those with NPD are typically unable to empathize with the feelings or experiences of those around them, which can lead to strained relationships or issues in the workplace.

Exploitative behavior. Individuals who struggle with NPD may be exploitative; using others for their own personal gain without regard for their well-being or feelings.

Difficulty handling criticism. People who have difficulty controlling their narcissistic traits may become defensive when criticized or confronted about their behavior, lashing out at those who attempt to challenge them in any way.

If someone exhibits these behaviors on a regular basis, it could suggest that they might suffer from NPD and should seek professional help in order to address any underlying issues causing these behavior patterns.

Define the Treatment Options for Narcissistic Personality Disorder

There are various treatment options available for those struggling with NPD, including cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and medication.

Define Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Below is a more detailed look at the different treatments for this condition:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT is a type of talk therapy that helps individuals examine their thoughts and behavior patterns in order to identify any problematic beliefs or attitudes. Through CBT, those suffering from NPD can learn to recognize their own narcissistic behaviors and adjust them accordingly.

Psychodynamic Therapy. This form of therapy focuses on exploring the underlying motivations behind one’s behavior in order to uncover any unresolved childhood issues or trauma that may be contributing to their narcissistic traits.

Medication. In some cases, a psychiatrist will prescribe medication in combination with talk therapy to help manage symptoms of NPD. Commonly prescribed medications include serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which can help reduce feelings of depression and anxiety associated with this disorder.

Group Therapy. Participating in group therapy sessions can provide individuals with a supportive environment where they can interact with people who share similar experiences and struggles associated with NPD. It also allows them to receive guidance from a qualified therapist while learning how to navigate interpersonal relationships better than before.

Social Skills Training. Social skills training is a form of intervention designed specifically for those struggling with the symptoms of NPD; helping them learn how to interact more effectively in social situations so as to develop healthier relationships free from the destructive behaviors associated with narcissism.

Although recovery from NPD is possible, it typically requires commitment and dedication over time in order for it to be successful. The patient must follow through with all facets of their treatment plan while also focusing on other positive lifestyle changes. This should ultimately help pave the way towards long-term success.

Final Thoughts on the Outlook for People with NPD

Psychiatrists define narcissistic personality disorder as a mental health condition that cause an individual to behave in an overly self-absorbed and entitled manner.

While it can be difficult for those affected by this disorder to make changes in their behavior, the good news is that there are treatment options available which can help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their lives.

With proper guidance from a qualified professional and dedication to one’s own recovery plan, it is possible to lead a more fulfilling life free from the destructive behaviors associated with narcissism.

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